Friday, November 22, 2013

Smokeless tobacco

Smokeless tobacco accounts for a significant and growing portion of global tobacco use, especially in South Asia. Over 25 distinct types of smokeless tobacco products are used worldwide, including both commercialized and local or homegrown products, used orally and nasally. Some products combine tobacco with substantial amounts of chemical additives and other plant material that may confer additional risk to the user. Moreover, smokeless tobacco products contain many of the toxins and carcinogens found in cigarettes, and thus result in many of the same diseases caused by smoking. In addition, smokeless tobacco use increases periodontal disease, tooth loss, and precancerous mouth lesions.
Despite the harm from smokeless tobacco use to both individuals and society at large, these products are not sufficiently regulated in many countries. The landscape of smokeless tobacco manufacturing and marketing is rapidly evolving. The largest American, British, and Japanese cigarette companies have entered the smokeless tobacco market and are branding their smokeless products as an extension of cigarette brands,a complement to be used in smoke-free environments. Understanding this “dual-use” consumption pattern will be essential to developing an appropriate regulatory structure for smokeless tobacco.
Global patterns of smokeless tobacco use vary widely. The import and sale of smokeless tobacco products are banned in 40 countries and areas. In some countries, like Finland and Egypt, men use smokeless tobacco products in much greater numbers than women because such products are perceived as masculine; in countries like South Africa, Thailand, and Bangladesh, women use smokeless tobacco products more than men because they are seen as a discreet way to consume tobacco.
Research addressing smokeless tobacco is limited. Monitoring and surveillance systems are scarce, and significant research gaps exist in identifying ingredients, additives, and toxicities of smokeless tobacco products. Little is known about product pricing, substitution of smokeless tobacco for smoked tobacco, and youth susceptibility to smokeless tobacco use. Policies to control smokeless tobacco are underdeveloped. The integration of smokeless tobacco control measures into the wider framework of tobacco control can help to curb its use.

Consumer Says:
Beta ek gutka khane ka itna shauk hai to ek kaam kar. Ek dost aur banna. Kaandha deney ke kaam aayega.

Son, if you are so fond of eating gutka [chewing tobacco], make sure you make a friend so that you have someone to help carry your coffin.
Title track from Bollywood movie, Wanted, India

We adopted our core strategy for growth: and that was to expand the smokeless tobacco category by converting adult smokers to smokeless tobacco.
Daniel Butler, President, U.S. Smokeless Tobacco Company

Tuesday, November 5, 2013

Best Brands

Yves Saint Laurent - Trendy Product

Anyone who has something to do with the fashion industry is aware of the fact that cigarettes are nearly more of a habit than the true clothing.
Nicotine controls your hunger and the fashion advertises the trend to be slim, as a result it has become the norm. The majority of cigarette breaks occur in the course of the day than anything else and from time to time they are also replaced for a lunch break. Not just that, but smoking them has been considered cool and stylish being displayed in advertising campaigns all over the world and even appearing on the stage at Louis Vuitton’s Fall show.
Yves Saint Laurent is the up to date high-fashion label to set its name on a package of cigarettes(here). To tell the truth, the package is appealing and trendy, with its black and gold colors used in the design practically making us ignore that its contents are habit-growing and can in fact lead to diverse diseases over time. The color scheme is similar of the fashion house’s “Opium” fragrance bottles which are fitting.
YSL is not the very first high-class brand to offer its name to cigarettes. For instance Pierre Cardin, Versace, Givenchy, Christian Lacroix and Cartier have all offered their well-known names to cigarette manufacturers. Despite the fact that it is not the healthiest kind of revenue, nicotine is one of the world’s largest businesses and therefore it is a good idea that some of the world’s most recognized brands would attempt to take advantage.

Friday, September 27, 2013

Marlboro Man

Marlboro man is American cowboy and main character of Marlboro country, the best cigarette advertisement of the century, world recognized cigarette advertisement character, masculine trademark and macho icon. Marlboro man is the ad embodiment that was used by tobacco producer Philip Morris for the Marlboro cigarettes that primarily was a lady smoking brand.

The history of Marlboro man begins in 1954. The parent father of Marlboro Man was Leo Burnet- advertisement agent. P. Morris Tobacco Company introduced an innovation in producing of Marlboro cigarettes. This novelty ought to result a 3600 change of target smoking tobacco group.

This was the Burnet’s main purpose in creating the advertisement for new Marlboro cigarettes. Looking for the resolution, Leo had done a brainstorming: “What’ the masculine symbol people can think of?” This seems to be a reasonable and successful idea. The answer came from the wild New Mexico, Ranch in Cimarron that was “a real cowboy on his chaps and horse”. In 1972, this tobacco ad brought to Marlboro cigarettes the rank of world best selling tobacco product .And most famous one too. Every image of a cowboy, western landscape and/or red color keeps in mind the Marlboro trademark and it doesn’t matter if these images are accompanied or no by slogan or brand name.

Marlboro man that lives in Marlboro country becomes the symbol of freedom, wildness and independence. The famous cowboy is placed on the first place from the “101 most influential people who never lived” in Imaginary Luminaries. It also was claimed “the brand image of the century”.

The roles of the Marlboro man were portrayed by famous people as : actor and author William Thourlby (the first Marlboro Man), Quarterback Charley Conerly, Darrell Winfield, Dick Hammer, Brad Johnson, Bill Dutra, Dean Myers, Robert Norris, Wayne McLaren, David McLean and Tom Mattox.

More Info

  1. Katie Connolly. "Six ads that changed the way you think". BBC.
  2. Vintage Ads: 1975 "Marlboro Country" ad campaign
  3. Kilgannon, Corey. "Face of Marlboro Prefers to Be Alone". New York Times
  4. "An Ex-Marlboro Man Who Can Really Ride, Brad Johnson Adds Sigh Appeal to Always". People.
  5. 28 May 2001 "Malboro Manslaughter"

Wednesday, August 21, 2013

How many sites selling cigarettes are there in the USA?

Tobacco products are a major retail item in the USA. Over 47 million adults and 4 million teenagers smoke cigarettes. Annual sales of tobacco products exceed $40 billion and there are approximately 543 000 tobacco retailers in the country. Smokers have traditionally purchased their cigarettes either by the pack or the carton from local retail outlets. These local retail outlets are now facing new competition from the growing number of e-commerce sites. Internet cigarette vendors (ICVs) include those that sell online exclusively, as well as local “brick and mortar” retail outlets that advertise and sell tobacco products on the internet. More Americans are online than ever, and many of them are purchasing products on the internet. As of August 2000, over 116.5 million Americans were online and 42% of US households had a computer with internet access. Over 47% of American internet users have purchased something online, and consumers report that one of the primary attractions of online shopping is finding low prices.
Increased state taxes on cigarettes have fuelled demand among smokers who seek refuge from escalating retail prices. In the USA, state excise taxes vary considerably. Vendors on Indian reservations sell tax-free cigarettes, and excise taxes are low in tobacco producing states such as Virginia ($.025 per pack of 20 cigarettes), Kentucky ($.03), and North Carolina ($.05). High excise taxes are featured in states such as California ($.87), Alaska ($1.00), Hawaii ($1.00), and New York ($1.11). Given that each carton contains 10 packs, a smoker buying cigarettes in New York will pay over $10.00 more per carton in excise taxes than a smoker in Virginia. In the past, when a state raised its excise tax on cigarettes, smokers who did not quit would either pay the increased price, or travel to Indian reservations or neighbouring states with cheaper prices. However, the internet offers the possibility of purchasing from Indian reservations or from states with lower excise taxes without having to physically drive there. A ready source of cheap cigarettes is now a mouse click away. This may have significant public health implications because tobacco consumption is adversely affected by price. When cigarette prices increase, smokers are likely to smoke less, change to cheaper generic brands, or quit smoking altogether. For instance, in California a 50 cent increase in state excise taxes (proposition 10) was followed by a 29% decrease in cigarette sales. Although the majority of this decrease was probably caused by reduced consumption, media reports speculated that many California smokers were simply avoiding high taxes by buying directly from internet vendors.
To the best of our knowledge, no published peer reviewed studies have examined web sites that sell cigarettes. The present study attempts to fill this void in the literature by using a rigorous internet based searching and sampling methodology to estimate the number of internet cigarette vendors. In addition, a standardised coding system is used to determine their characteristics including geographic location, presence of age and health warnings, and sales and marketing practices.

Thursday, August 8, 2013

Tobacco RD

Monday, July 22, 2013

Nicotine Increases Exercise Endurance

In my lectures on tobacco harm reduction I compare the properties of nicotine with those of caffeine (see slides at left).  Despite some obvious differences, the drugs have remarkably similar effects.  I have just found a study from 2006 showing that “…nicotine administration during moderate-intensity exercise delays fatigue, with a significant improvement of 17% [±7%] in time to exhaustion. This observation is similar to observations of the effects of caffeine supplementation.” (Available at the journal Experimental Physiology here).

Authors Toby Műndel and David A. Jones of the Human Performance Laboratory, School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, The University of Birmingham (United Kingdom), recruited 12 healthy non-smoking men and asked them to cycle in a laboratory setting at a moderate pace until exhausted on two occasions.  Subjects randomly applied either a 7 milligram nicotine patch or a placebo patch the evening before.  
Ten subjects who wore the nicotine patch cycled for 70 minutes – about 17% longer than the 62 minutes cycled by those with the placebo patch.  Nicotine had no effect on heart rate or respiratory parameters, and it “…did not alter the perception of effort… associated with progressive fatigue.”  The researchers noted that “…activity of dopamine pathways has
been suggested to be associated with improved endurance exercise performance.”  In other words, nicotine’s endurance boost stemmed from its effect on the brain. 
As I mentioned in 2011, the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) is considering labeling nicotine a performance-enhancing drug.  However, WADA could treat nicotine as it has caffeine, summarized this way by the agency in 2012 (here):
“Caffeine was removed from the Prohibited List in 2004. Its use in sport is not prohibited.  Many experts believe that caffeine is ubiquitous in beverages and food and that reducing the threshold might therefore create the risk of sanctioning athletes for social or diet consumption of caffeine.  In addition, caffeine is metabolized at very different rates in individuals.”
Since using nicotine is a “social” choice and the substance is metabolized at very different rates, one can only hope that WADA applies such a reasoned, practical analysis to it as well.

Wednesday, June 12, 2013

Cigar Versus Cigarette Smoking

There are no buts about it – smoking is bad for you. We all know that, but for those who crave a smoke
every once in a while, is there a less harmful option between cigars and cigarettes? There are many myths regarding the differences between these two smoking options. In this article, we’ll set the record straight.

Differences Between Cigars And Cigarettes

To figure out whether cigars or cigarettes are worse for your health, it’s important to first understand the differences between these two smoking options. The following are some of the key differences between cigars and cigarettes:
  • Size: Cigars are much larger than cigarettes, with some measuring over 7 inches in length.
  • Time: Since cigars are so much larger than cigarettes, they take longer to smoke. With larger cigars, it takes about 1 to 2 hours to smoke one. Cigarettes are generally smoked in less than 10 minutes.
  • Filters: Most cigars do not have filters, while cigarettes do.
  • Inhaling: Those who smoke cigarettes inhale the smoke into their lungs. Cigar smokers generally do not inhale the smoke; they let it sit in their mouth and throat instead.
  • Tobacco types: Cigarettes are made from different blends of unfermented tobaccos. Cigars, on the other hand, are made from a single type of fermented and air-cured tobacco.
  • Tobacco amounts: Cigarettes generally contain less than 1 gram of tobacco each. A cigar typically contains about 5 to 20 grams of tobacco.
  • Wrapper: Cigars have less porous wrappers than cigarettes, which makes the burning of the tobacco inside less complete.
  • Tar: Cigars have more tar per gram of tobacco smoked when compared to cigarettes.

Possible Dangers

The differences between cigars and cigarettes listed above account for many of the reasons that cigars are actually worse for you than cigarettes in most cases. First of all, the ingredients in cigars are in such larger quantities that many cigar smokers don’t realize the impact. For example, it could take 15 to 20 cigarettes to equal the same amount of tobacco in one large cigar. Therefore, regular cigar smokers often don’t realize that their habit could be the equivalent of smoking a pack a day – or more.
(If you’re trying to kick the habit, read Tips On How To Quit Smoking As Soon As Possible.)
Secondly, the size of the cigar accounts for much more exposure to second-hand cigar smoke. In addition to the cigar smoke that goes inside a smoker’s mouth and throat, many of these individuals sit in a cigar smoke-filled area for an hour or more while they smoke. In addition to that, it can take hours for that smoke to dissipate inside someone’s home. This second-hand smoke contains dozens of cancer-causing chemicals, some of which occur in higher quantities than in cigarette smoke. This is partially due to the cigars’ nonporous wrappers which lead to an increase in toxin concentration.
The process by which cigars are made also makes them a health hazard. The fermentation process used for cigar tobacco leads to high concentrations of nitrosamines, which can cause cancer.
Despite this information, cigarettes are just as bad for you. Both cigars and cigarettes can cause numerous types of cancer, including cancer of the lungs, mouth, tongue and esophagus. In addition, oral diseases such as gum disease may occur as the result of smoking. Cardiovascular diseases like heart disease, coronary artery disease, COPD and emphysema are much more common among smokers than non-smokers.

Myths About Cigars

Many cigarette smokers try smoking cigars because they believe they are less harmful. However, most of the myths about cigars aren’t true. For example:
  • Cigars aren’t addictive. Cigars contain high levels of nicotine, which is the chemical that causes addiction. You can still get nicotine in your system even if you don’t inhale the smoke into your lungs because it is also absorbed through the lining in the mouth.
  • Not inhaling makes them safer. Cigar smokers usually don’t inhale the smoke. However, that just means that they are more likely to get cancer in their lips, mouth, tongue or throat instead of in their lungs. The health risks still exist and the smoker is still exposed to cancer-causing chemicals.
  • Cigars don’t have Surgeon General’s health warnings, so they are safer. Unfortunately, cigars are not regulated in the same way as cigarettes. Many are sold without any health warning label, particularly those which are imported. This lack of regulations can actually lead to cigars being more hazardous to your health than cigarettes.
It’s important to remember that, even if cigars are often worse for your health compared to cigarettes, neither of these smoking options are good for you. Both products are highly addictive and there is no safe level of tobacco use. There are several ways you can get help to quit smoking, including the website (link below).


Wednesday, May 8, 2013

Premium cigarettes manufacturers

Philip Morris was the first tobacco manufacturer,  is an American global cigarette and tobacco company, with products sold in over 200 countries with 15.6% of the international cigarette market outside the United States. Marlboro, Parliament and L&M are known in any part of the world.On January 27, 2003, Philip Morris Companies Inc. changed its name to Altria Group, Inc. Even under this new name, Altria continues to own 100% of Philip Morris USA (abbreviated PM USA). Some view this name change as an effort by Altria to deemphasize its historical association with tobacco products.

RJ Reynolds the creator of best-selling Camel cigarettes brand. Camel cigarettes brand appeared in 1913 and was an innovation on the cigarette market. These were the first cigarettes sold in packs, that was not common at that time of days. This brand find market acceptance due to special blend of Virginia and Turkish tobacco having an affordable price and it is premium cigarette brand till nowadays. Other well-known cigarette brands, produced by RJ Reynolds are More, Salem, Winston and others.

Reemtsma Cigarettenfabriken is another premium cigarette brands producer, based in Germany. It was founded in 1910 in Europe and got a high demand among smokers quite fast. This company always tried and still tries to fulfill requirements of each smoker, offering rich variety of cigarettes brands, finding new techniques and magnificent blends of tobacco. The most known cigarette brands produced by Reemtsma Cigarettenfabriken are Davidoff, West , Boss and others.

Monday, April 29, 2013

Smoking Art

Wednesday, April 3, 2013

Craig David and Lisa Stansfield Accused to Support Big Tobacco

Three famous British performers have been blamed of supporting the goals of "Big Tobacco" by agreeing to

participate at an Indonesian music festivity financed by one of the country's biggest cigarette companies.
Multi-platinum selling artist Joss Stone should participate at the Java Jazz Festival this week in the billing which also features Craig David and Lisa Stansfield as performers at a three-day festival estimated to be visited by more than 100,000 people in the Indonesian capital, Jakarta.
The event's principal sponsor is Djarum, the country's third largest cigarette company, which similar to some other producers specializes in the manufacture of clove-flavored cigarettes called “kreteks”. All invited British stars should perform on a stage advertising one of Djarum's major brands.
Campaigners called on the artists to not take part in the festival, blaming Indonesia of not being able to eradicate on tobacco advertising and permitting companies to advertise their products and lure new young smokers by means of an affiliation with worldwide stars and diverse cultural events. David, who several weeks ago agreed upon a new deal with Universal records and is planning to start a world tour, declined the statements, stating he promoted healthy lifestyle and was against smoking but legal guidelines against tobacco was an issue for the Indonesian regulators.
Indonesia has the world's greatest smoking rate for men, about 66%. Additionally Indonesian research found a year ago that more than 400,000 children are regular smokers.
The British singers do not have a special agreement with Djarum, which is a component of a conglomerate held by two of Indonesia's wealthiest men and the most notable of some corporate beneficiaries of the three-day festival. But critics claim that the stars are even so promoting the advertising of cigarettes implying strategies long-since prohibited in other places. The Marlboro Man is still advertised on Indonesian billboards hiking mountains while young women in branded clothes are frequently to be observed at corporate events giving out free samples of Marlboro cigarettes. Cigarette sponsorship has been taken away from latest shows by well known American performers. Advertising by Djarum for a Kelly Clarkson concert was removed after strong protests by fans and anti-tobacco organizations while Grammy-winner Alicia Keys required that sponsorship of one of her concerts by another company be eliminated.

Monday, March 18, 2013

The World Tobacco Industry

Tobacco crop is cultivated in over 100 countries. China is considered the world’s major manufacturer. Other main providers are the United States, India, Brazil, Turkey, Zimbabwe and Malawi. Smoking products are used worldwide. The majority of tobacco is used for smoking; it is the fundamental component for cigarettes, pipes, cigars, roll-your-own, and bidis. Tobacco is also utilized for smokeless tobacco such as snuff or chewing tobacco. More than 80 % of world tobacco is widely used for cigarettes.
Among cigarettes, the global share of the American blend (a blend of Virginia, Burley and Oriental tobacco types) is boosting, and that for dark cigarettes is falling. China owns about 30 % of the whole production and consumption of cigarettes. At 12 % of the overall, the United States is the world’s second biggest maker. Some other major producers are Japan, Indonesia, Brazil and Germany. The global demand for tobacco products in the more developed countries is currently dropping. In the less emerging countries its expansion has slowed up. The international cigarette market is getting more and more concentrated by company. The three greatest corporations sell about 2/3 of the world’s total. In separate countries, the level of concentration can be higher. The cigarette manufacturers have responded to the sluggishness of demand in their conventional markets in three approaches: consolidation, variation, and increasing productivity. Government authorities deal with a dilemma. They currently have both an economic and a social interest in tobacco crop. It offers work opportunities, tax earnings and in particular cases foreign exchange profits. However governments also have a responsibility to guard their population’s health. Curing people from smoking-related diseases can be quite expensive. Generally, authorities deal with these disagreeing difficulties by discouraging demand in a number of ways. Increasing cigarette tax is the most popular method. Various have sued the cigarette manufacturers trying to recuperate the price of treating people for smoking-related diseases.
Global works prospective in the tobacco handling industry are not positive. Consolidation, privatization, greater productivity and sluggish demand increase together have a dampening impact on employment prospects. Job opportunities in countries with excessive costs and decreasing demand look mainly insecure. But in an open world economy it is eventually up to the giant companies to determine where to focus production, and which market will be supplied from where.

Wednesday, March 6, 2013

Camel Worldwide: Discover More

Thursday, January 17, 2013

Thailand to Increase Taxes

Thailand should step by boost excise tax on smoking products as part of attempts to decrease the actual number of cigarette smokers, as taxes on cigarettes do not have positive effect, according to Prakit Vathesatogkit, a leading tobacco advocate. He explained that the improper tax structure between cigarette and tobacco was the most fragile factor in the country's unsuccessful initiatives to minimize the rate of smokers.
The small tax charged on tobacco lead to price discrepancy between cigarettes and tobacco. Thus, anytime the government increases the tax on cigarettes, many cigarette lovers switch to smoking products that are much cheaper or roll their own. The latest review stated that cigarette users spend approximately 586 baht per month purchasing cigarettes manufactured by tobacco companies, but smokers who roll their own smokes spend just 37.5 baht a month. "This is a key aspect in the fiasco over the many years of attempts to decrease the rate of smokers, who currently constitute about 14 million, and half of them roll their own smokes," stated Dr. Prakit, representative of the Bureau of Tobacco Control.
The government's most recent increase in the tax on tobacco products in August resulted in imported tobacco products rising in price by 9-10 baht per package of 20, and 5-6 baht for domestic brands. Imported brands are sold at 90 baht per package while Thai brands are available at 37-85 baht a pack. The government has increased the excise on cigarettes to one satang for every gramme of tobacco. Moreover it lifted the tax on tobacco products to approximately 87% of cost plus one baht per gramme of the cigarette. Nevertheless, the latest rate is still smaller than the upper limit established at 90% of value and three baht per a gramme per cigarette. For instance in 2011, excise on tobacco products and alcohol resulted in 57 billion in earnings based on a single-phase.
A week ago Dr. Prakit joined the Fifth Session of the Conference of Parties to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in Seoul. He stated that the 175 participants agreed to establish a requirement to implement tax and price procedures for tobacco regulation requirements under the guideline that an efficient tax program will help minimize tobacco use as well as aid stop dependency among teenagers. It was decided that all participants should increase the efficiency of tax collection on tobacco, mostly to avoid the cigarette industry intervening in tobacco tax policy.